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Full text of "California Garden, Vol. 26, No.4, October 1934"

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Chula Vista Goes 

Iris Minded 

By Com. John A. Monroe 

Stray Thoughts 

By Peter D. Barnhart 

The Enclosed Garden 

By K. O. Sessions 


The Magazine 


California Garden 


A Practical Local Guide published monthly 
for more than 20 years 

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The official organ of the San Diego Floral Associa- 
tion, in its 24th year of continuous activities. 
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Bedding and Ornamental Plants 
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California Garden 


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Miss Alice Halliday 

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Miss K. O. Sessions 

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Main Office, San Diego, California 

Silas B. Osborn, Editor 

October, 1934 

Vol. 26 

No. 4 

Entered as second-class matter December 8, 
1910, at the Post Office at Point Loma, Cali- 
fornia, under the Act of March 3. 1879. 
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authorized by the San Diego Retail 
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Meeting held third Tuesday of each month at 
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Shopping News Ptg. Co. 215 B St., San Diego 



The October meeting of the Floral 
Association convened at the rooms of 
the Association in Balboa Park on the 
evening of the 16th. However, due to 
work on the Park lighting system, the 
building was in darkness. Happily the 
Florence Burnham Hall at Girl Scout 
Headquarters was made available and 
the meeting was held there. Due to 
this change, the usual routine was not 
carried out and after a few brief an- 
nouncements the speaker of the eve- 
ning, Mr. Charles Gibbs Adams was 

To many persons in San Diego, Mr. 
Adams is well known so that his com- 
ing provided many with a renewal of 
old acquaintance. To all, his very 
pleasing personality, his charming 
manner, his steady flow of bright 
humor, and his notable grasp of his 
subject, gave great pleasure. Mr. 
Adams spoke on gardens of South- 
ern California and prevented many 
beautiful picture slides showing 
charming gardens in Pasadena, Los 
Angeles, Hollywood, Santa Barbara 
and other cities of Southern Califor- 
nia. Rancho Santa Fe in our own vi- 
cinity has also profited by his ability 
and experience. 

A more pleasing and prolific discus- 
sion of the subject has never been 
heard by members of the Association 
and the meeting will long stand out as 
a mark to strive to equal. 


The September issue contained an 
article by Charles Gibbs Adams of Los 
Angeles, the well known and accom- 
plished landscape architect. Inadvert- 
ently credit was given to John Gibbs 




The planting about the home of 
the San Diego Floral Association will 
be commenced October 29 and com- 
pleted by November 1th, and by June 
it will be in good condition for the ex- 
position opening. 

Mr. John Morley is furnishing an 
established boxed Kentia Fosteriana 
palm for the south lawn section and 
several varieties of new and low grow- 
ing Cotoneasters and Rapheolepis ovata 
as a trim for the front steps. Also two 
of the rare Eugenia Natalita from 
South Africa which bears clear blue 
fruits. Eugenia uniflora will be planted 
at the base of the front wall and a 
good sized Dracaena for the southwest 

Mr. and Mrs. Hermanse have do- 
nated a good plant of Tecoma Veln- 
tina, an everblooming yellow shrub 
from Guatemala. Mr. H. O. Ketner, 
now a member of the Association from 
San Francisco, sends two bales of the 
German peat moss, in order that the 
lawn shall be the best in the park. 

Miss K. O. Sessions is furnishing two 
Crimson Lake bougainvilleas, some 
prostrate growing Jumipers, yellow hi- 
biscus and two NaOndina Domestica. 


The November meeting of the San 
Diego Floral Association will be devot- 
ed to information on the growing of 
lilies by Mrs. William Larsen of 
Carlsbad and flowering plants for 
parkings and gardens to beautify for 
the exposition by Kate O. Sessions. 
Meeting called for seven thirty in the 
club rooms in Balboa Park, November 


Dean Blake, Weather Bureau 

Frost forms in winter on clear, dry, 
quiet nights. 

It occurs in winter when nights are 
longer than days, and the accumulated 
out-going radiation from the ground is 
greater than the accumulated in-com- 
ing radiation from the sun. 

It occurs on clear nights because 
low clouds, acting as a blanket, pre- 
vent the heat stored during the day 
from escaping into the upper air, and 
results in a building-down process 
from the clouds to the earth. 

It occurs on dry nights because 
water vapor is the most effective con- 
stituent of the atmosphere in inter- 
cepting back-radiation from the earth. 
The index to the amount of water 
vapor present is the dew point, de- 
fined as the temperature at which con- 
densation begins. That is why the dew 
point is so important in frost predic- 

It occurs on quiet nights as wind by 
mixing the warmer air above with the 
colder below prevents pools with low 
temperatures from collecting on low 
ground. Early in the evening the 
colder air on the hilltops begins to 
flow down the slopes by gravity, com- 
ing to rest in the quiet surroundings 
of the valley below, and ultimately re- 
sulting in a relatively thin layer of 
cold air near the ground, and a verti- 
cal increase in temperature for several 
hundred feet above. It is this tem- 
perature inversion that makes orchard 
heating possible. If the descent is 
from high elevations, the air heats by 
compression, and reaches the surface 
as a warm, very dry wind, effectively 
preventing the formation of frost. 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 

Birdless California Gardens 

By BERTHA H. FULLER (Mrs. Edwin S.) 

Director State Audubon Society, 717 South Flower 

Street, Inglewood. Past St. Chairman of Birds, 

California Federation of Women 9 s Clubs 

Do you want a birdless garden? Or 
do you prefer little wooden toys in 
the shape of birds stuck in your gar- 
den on sticks instead of the white 
crowned sparrow flipping hither and 
yon during the winter season — now 
and then sending forth his delicious 

Have you kept up to date on the 
terrible predicament of the migratory 
waterfowl called "game?" Do you 
know that for many years ornitholo- 
gists have been warning fish and game 
commissions throughout the United 
States that birds could not stand the 
changing artificial conditions and the 
heavy gunning and waste the hunting 
element subjected them to but that 
the gunning element of the country 
has so far absolutely controlled the 
disposition of our birds? 

W. C. Henderson of the U. S. Bio- 
logical Survey said in a talk in Mon- 
treal in September that the migratory 
waterfowl had not bred as many birds 
this summer as were killed last year! 
J. Dale Gentry, Chairman of Califor- 
nia Fish and Game Commission, said 
in a recent interview in the "Los An- 
geles Times" that within twenty years 
California would not have a bird left 
unless something drastic is done to 
stop their depletion. Yet the Calif- 
nia Fish and Game Commission felt 
impelled to have an open season this 
year just the same — eleven weeks of 
two days each, Saturday and Sunday, 
when most of the hunting has always 
been done anyway! And not a State 
in the Union so far has closed its 
shooting season. 

Why? Because of the reports of the 
hunters that they have money invested 
in gun clubs, ammunitions, feed, auto 
accessories, resorts, and so forth and 
so forth. 

George Willett, as great an author- 
ity as Southern California has on birds, 
and himself a reformed hunter, said 
before a Nature Club early in October, 
"What are the gunners going to shoot 
after this year when all the ducks are 

shot off? Why your shorebirds and 

He went on to say the same that 
Gentry did — that songbirds are doom- 
ed unless something is done at once to 
stop the depletion. 

Migratory waterfowl has decreased, 
during the last ten years, twenty per- 
cent (pintails) to ninety-five percent 
(canvasbacks) . 

What shall you do about it? Give 
the conditions publicity and urge that 
shooters stay away from killing water- 
birds. It is not just the shooting and 
bringing home the ducks — it is the 
terrible waste! From twelve to fifty 
percent of the ducks that are hit are 
wounded, crippled and lost to waste. 
Out of ten arising ducks only one or 
two may get into a game-bag while 
from three to six fall to drown. These 
are the figures of Aldo Leopold, one 
of President Roosevelt's authorities. 
They are the figures a Los Angeles 
gamekeeper also gave the writer last 
year. W. C. Henderson says at least 
8,000,000 ducks are wasted every 

Publicly owned birds have become 
the private property of gun-clubs and 
there is little chance to get to study 
the birds any more because of "no 
tresspassing" signs around gun clubs. 

Legislators are going to be elected 
in November — it is hoped men with 
some knowledge of this condition may 
be elected. 

If you have waterlands be sure there 
is a place for resting places for ducks 
— and make your place a refuge. They 
will need feed this year too, as they 
are coming back on their God planned 
migration half starved and with hardly 
any of their babies with them — they 
had a dreadful summer up north. If 
only ducks could vote just once, Dear 
Lord — give them a hand, California 
gardeners — save the songbirds by so 

Study the financial side of the hunt- 
ing element claims. Gun-clubs are real 
estate ventures just the same as any 

other subdivided land is. Much of the 
land has been doctored and tampered 
with and sold to office men and others 
not acquainted with conditions but 
who buy simply to "join a gun club." 
No one has any right to insure these 
purchasers they will ever have a sup- 
ply of such an ephemeral thing as 
ducks in migration — especially public- 
ly owned ducks. The old gun clubs 
have many years ago taken out mil- 
lions of birds and the birds have earned 
their freedom from further shooting 
on all of the old club grounds if death 
by the millions ever can earn anything 
from such ground holders. The old 
timers have been repaid a thousand 
fold for any investment or taxes they 
may now have. 

Guns and ammunitions — are the 
only item of profit. Or is it a profit 
to gain money from such things? 

Feed, too, may show a profit — but 
feed was always sold for some other 
purpose before this baiting was begun. 
You know how they use it, do you 
not, California Gardeners? They feed 
the ducks until the birds follow the 
grain man around just like the chick- 
ens in your backyard do — then on cer- 
tain days deadly hot metal is hurled 
into the flocks that are forced to rise 
before the men in blinds. On refuges 
birds refuse to go near the shooting 
grounds on open days — but it has been 
known that they have been frightened 
over before the hunters notwithstand- 
ing. Feed sold for this dastardly pur- 
pose is surely no better profit than 
guns and ammunition profits. 

Auto accessories are cancelled by 
those bought by those who go to the 
thousand and one places throughout 
the country to see the primitive lands, 
with birds — but who usually return 
without sight of a bird, except a coot. 
Auto accessories are not seriously a 
part of investment of the hunting ele- 
ment. Resorts likewise. Resorts may be 
used for better purpose than hunting 
birds that are practically extinct and 
are returning to their ancestral homes 
simply because they know nothing else 
to do. 

California has over six hundred 
species of birds! Is it possible a very 
small group of men will be allowed to 
kill them off? 

Duck hunting may be done legally 
only on October 20, 21, 27, 28; No- 
vember 3, 4, 10, 11, 17, 18, 24, 25; 
December 1, 2, 8, 9, 15, 16, 22, 23, 
29, 30. 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 

Chula Vista Goes Iris Minded 


. Suburban Community 
Produces Fine Iris 

Chula Vista, California, is a resi- 
dential - agricultural city of 5,000 
population, situated on the shore of 
San Diego Bay, nine miles south of 
San Diego and six miles from the in- 
ternational line. Lemons and celery 
are its principal crops. Iris is one of 
its claims to fame. It came about 

At the 1931 Chula Vista Commu- 

nity Flower Show, the author of this 
article discussed with Mrs. C. W. Dar- 
ling, Chairman of the Flower Show 
Committee, the advisability of estab- 
lishing a classified Iris Section. Mrs. 
Darling, by the way, has been in 
charge of our Flower Show since its 
beginning, thirteen years ago, and has 
made it one of the outstanding shows 
in this section of many shows. This 


Japanese Iris, Kombarin, in the garden of Commander Monroe, fifteen 
months after planting from commercial "strong" division, with thirty 
stalks, thirty-nine inches tall and flowers seven inches in diameter. 

action was suggested by the fact that 
specimen stalks, collections and artis- 
tic displays wer all competing together 
in one class, "Best Display of Iris." 
This was common to all our Flower 
Shows except San Diego, which had 
a classified Iris Section. I immediately 
found myself "Chairman for Iris" for 
the 1932 show. A week earlier at the 
San Diego Flower Show, Mrs. Paul V. 
Tuttle, Iris Chairman of that show, 
Mr. C. S. Milliken and Dr. S. S. Berry, 
who had large displays, all had given 
me lavishly of their time, so that I 
had some inkling of the possibilities 
of Iris and had learned that there was 
a national organization of Iris lovers. 

A meeting of those who had exhib- 
ited at the Chula Vista Flower Show 
was called. Seven attended. The Chula 
Vista Iris Club was organized. It was 
decided to put Chula Vista on the 
Iris map. A show schedule following 
that recommended by the American 
Iris Society was adopted; flower con- 
tainers for trophies were purchased. 

Since the proposed schedule included 
in its 36 classes, fourteen specimen 
stalk classes for bearded iris as well as 
eight for beardless and four for bulbous 
irises and also the irises in vogue in 
the neighborhood were of the vintage 
of Juniata, Fairy, Aunt Rachel and 
Queen of the May, it was decided to 
obtain some of the more modern irises. 
Then ensued much poring over the 
iris catalogues and the A.I.S. rating 
list and bulletins in an endeavor to 
select two collections each of which 
would fill the classes that we had 
adopted and which would contain the 
best varieties we could afford to buy. 
Two collections of nearly equal list 
value were arrived at and in order to 
get the best possible price, they were 
to be ordered in triplicate, thus mak- 
ing a total of six colelctions to be pur- 
chased by six of our members. The 
list was sent to several California deal- 
ers and was purchased from the lowest 
bidder. Each member paid the actual 
cost of the collection which he or she 
received. Later on, as the irises have 
made increase, members have ex- 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 

changed with each other and with 
folks in the nearby towns. 

The original list follows, with those 
that have done well starred: 

-"Kashmir White 

""San Francisco 
""True Delight 
"'True Charm 
"'"'Mildred Presby 

"'Rhein Nixe 
"'""San Gabriel 
"" "Don Quixote 
""""Mme. Durrand 

L. A. Williamson 
¥m. Mohr 
"""" Santa Barbara 
"S. de L. Michaud 
""Princess Beatrice 
""El Capitan 

Gold Imperial 
George Yeld 
King Karl 
""""Snow Queen 
"" M. Gaudichau 

Sir Michael 


""""Frieda Mohr """'Citricristata, alba 
Dolly Madison "'""Fulva 
"Coronado Japonica 

"'"'Monspur Tectorum 

""""Hexagona Cristata 

In 1932 the first show was held 
under the new schedule with 36 classes. 
Mr. C. S. Milliken of Pasadena, Cali- 
fornia, judged this show. Although 
the new varieties were then only one- 
year plants, quite a number of fine 
stalks were shown and the display at- 
tracted considerable interest and fa- 
vorable comment. Club members also 
showed at the San Diego Flower Show 
with good success. 

Our 193 3 show was the first to be 
held in co-operation with the Ameri- 

can Iris Society. Mrs. Lena M. Lothrop 
of San Bernardino, California, judged 
this show. The classes were well filled 
with fine quality blooms. In view of 
the A. I. S. rule allowing but one 
award per class per exhibitor, entry 
was limited to one per class per gar- 
den. This works fine in a season when 
there is plenty of bloom at show time, 
especially if show space is limited as 
with us, but not so good in a year 
like this (1934) when bloom is sparse 
and the show is held two weeks before 
the midseason peak. Our club mem- 
bers again in 193 3 showed at the San 
Diego Flower Show which hit us at 
our peak and did very well indeed. 

More varieties of irises have been 
acquired each year since the original 
lot by exchange, gift and purchase, 
until there are approximately 180 va- 
rieties of bearded iris and 60 varieties 
of beardless iris, mostly modern, being 
grown in the gardens of Chula Vista. 

As soon as newly acquired irises 
demonstrate their satisfactory per- 
formance, exchanging begins. Since 
the original purchase, those members 
who have desired to buy new varieties 
have combined their lists and submit- 
ted the combined lists to dealers, pur- 
chase made from the lowest bidder. 
Each pays for what he gets less dis- 
count. The criterion for judging the 
performance of an iris unde rour con- 
ditions includes: ability to make height 
of stalk as given in catalogue, resist- 
ance to fungus diseases and thrips, 
rapidity of increase, ability to take 
hold quickly so that it may give a 
number of bloom stalks the first year 
after planting — stalks of nearly nor- 
mal height. We try to get our plant- 
ing done before July 1st in order to 
take advantage of our long growing 
season. In good iris years some va- 
rieties will give as many as eight or 
ten bloom stalks the next spring after 
planting. Some of the later acquisi- 
tions that have made good are: 

Canyon Mists Los Angeles 

Indian Chief Rosa Bonheur 

Jacinto San Diego 

All the varieties of beardless irises. 

This list would have been longer but 
we have had a poor season for bearded 
iris, both as regards stem and free- 
dom of bloom, so that many promis- 
ing varieties are still on the uncertain 

Before this year, the Club meetings 
were held whenever there was business 

to be transacted although usually con- 
siderable informal discussion of iris 
subjects followed the completion of 
the business. This year, we are plan- 
ning to have quarterly meetings with 
a speaker at each meeting. So far 
there have been no regular dues, a 
collection being made to settle ex- 
penses such as trophies. 

Interest in ris is growing locally and 
in nearby towns. Our club now has 
twelve members, another flower show 
has a classified iris section this year 
and one has expressed its intention of 
doing so next year. 

The outstanding feature of this en- 
terprise has been the hearty co-opera- 
tion that our club has received from 
our show management, from the San 
Diego County press and from all the 
A.I.S. members we have contacted. 


The Fall season is the one when the 
many sorts of bulbs are planted, and 
in all localities where there is plenty 
of frost and cold, the narcissus, tulip 
and hyacinths are planted in large 
quantities. In San Diego the narcissus 
are generally very successful, but must 
be planted deep, at least eight inches, 
and allowed to remain in the ground 
for several years. Good soil and plenty 
of winter rains are very necessary for 
the best results. The bulbous plants 
requiring a milder winter are a great 
success in San Diego County, at Carls- 
bad and Oceanside. 

The display of flowering fields of 
Ranunculus, Anemone, Freesias, Orni- 
thogalums, Sparaxis, and Ixias in the 
early Spring, growing by the acre for 
their bulbs for the U. S. trade, is proof 
of their beauty. Some if not all of 
these varieties should be cultivated in 
our gardens. 

The Watsonias are February bloom- 
ers and are best planted in August 
and September. There are many fine 
hybrid varieties in color. The "Baby 
Glads" are early in flower and are so 
very desirable for cutting. 

The new blue and white flowering 
bulb from Chili, called the Glory of 
the Sun, will flourish like the Freesia, 
increasing by seed and bulbous offsets. 
Its name is Leucocoryne ixiodes odo- 
rata, discovered by Clarence Elliott, 
an English botanist and bulb grower 
of prominence. It is so dainty and 
beautiful that a few should be planted 
to secure a group in every garden. 


CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 

Stray Thoughts . . . 


. . . A Recital of Experiences with Some Exotic 

and Native Plants 

If a recital of my experience with 
some Exotics, and some Native plants, 
will serve to inform readers of this 
Journal, and keep them from falling 
into the same pit of useless endeavor, 
then the writing of it will not have 
been in vain. 

Oh! the amount of time, and 
money, and labor, unsophisticates 
spend in experimenting with all sorts 
of things that are misfits in this land 
of sunshine, and flowers; yes and of 
drouth. When in Honolulu, my en- 
thusiasm bubbles over at the sight of 
a lot of things growing luxuriently 
in the gardens. The impulse to bring 
some of them home was irresistible; 
the result: disappointment. 

Here are their names, taken from 
Mrs. Frear's book: "Our Familiar Is- 
land Trees," only those that I have 
wasted time and labor on are not trees. 

Heliconia brasilinsis. A beautiful 
thing, a member of the Banana family. 
Poor thing, survived our cold nights, 
and dry summer climate one season. 
She speaks of Convolvulus tuberosum. 
I find no such species named in any 
work I have, but Bailey refers to an 
Ipomea chrysantha, which fits this 
vine. Anyway it is known as the 
"Wooden Rose" vine, on account of 
the seed pod remaining on the dry 
calyx. It was the beautiful yellow 
flowers which appealed to me, so I 
planted a few seeds in the Wernigk 
Botanic Garden, in Westgate. Today 
that vine covers a hedge with its dig- 
itate foliage and never a bloom. Al- 
pina samoensis is a gorgeous thing; 
the tips of all new growth are a rich 
red, bearing bracts which fall to the 
ground, and start a family of their 
own. Right here I must say that the 
author of that book was not very well 
posted on botanical nomenclature, 
which she was frank to say when I 
interviewed her; therefore few of the 
names she uses are found in Bailey. 
Well, this plant is luxurient, with no 
disposition to flower, so out it goes 
into the discard. 

Bauhinia monandra as she is pleased 
to name it, appealed to me, so I 

brought some seed home. Dear little 
things have given me a flower or two, 
only that and nothing more. 

Then too, I saw a veritable fountain 
of green, shining leaves. It was twenty 
feet high, beautiful in the clear at- 
mosphere; the rains kept it clean of 
dust. I brought a plant home, and, 
while it does give me a flower or two 
each summer it is not happy. I have 
learned since that its proper name is: 
Macfadyenea cynanchoides, though 
Miss Sessions seems to think it is Big- 
nonia Chamberlaynii, quite a different 

The Sand Paper vine was another 
thing that appealed to me, so crawling 
on hands and knees for a quarter of 
an hour beneath a luxurient vine, I 
found a few seeds. And now I have 
one plant which ekes out a miserable 
existence, without a bloom. 

Inga of two species, one of which 
is said to be a native of Peru, have 
been intriguing me for ten years. They 
do not die, neither do they grow; sim- 
ply exist, in exasperating fashion. 

In conclusion, I have to say that ex- 
perimental gardening is an expensive 
game to play, and the enthusiast who 
attempts it, must have a large bank 
account, or soon go broke. 

And now about the Natives. Cer- 
cidium torreyanum; known as Palo 
Verde. Once upon a time when I 
drove a car, I came to a clump of these 
trees south of Palm Springs, which 
were in full bloom. The glorious 
grandeur of those trees created a de- 
sire in me to have a specimen or two 
in the Wernigk Garden. I got two 
seeds. Both grew, and are now two 
small shrubs, neither one showing any 
disposition to grow up. Neither do 
they bloom. One of them is planted 
in that part of the garden where it 
gets water during the summer season, 
the other on the hill side where no 
water is available. There is no dif- 
ference in their behavior as to growth 
and flowering. In that same section of 
the country Beloperone californica, is 
a beautiful red flowering shrub. I dug 
around a clump, even three feet deep; 

got all the roots, wrapped them in a 
wet sack, brought them home, planted 
them carefully, in the hope of having 
a display when they were once estab- 
lished. That was three years ago, and 
never a bloom up to the time of this 
writing. Another attractive shrub na- 
tive of the desert is: Fouqueria splen- 
dens — Ocotillo is the common name 
for this beauty, whose wand-like stems 
are beset with short sharp spines, and 
crowned with long spikes of brilliant 
red flowers. The first time I saw this 
plant in flower was when crossing the 
desert on a Santa Fe R. R. train. I 
was tempted to pull the bell cord, and 
stop the train just to wander among 
the spectacular scene. I afterwards got 
some cuttings which grew luxuriently 
if such a thing can be said of a leaf- 
less thorny plant, and never a flower. 
On the other hand Parkinsonia micro- 
phylla, also known as Palo Verde, is a 
beautiful free flowering tree when 
growing in our coastal gardens, and, 
of all perennial herbaceous plants, na- 
tive of the desert, Bailey multiradiata, 
is the most desirable. In bloom every 
day of the year, the yellow flowers 
last a long time after cutting. Read- 
ers of these lines who care to grow it, 
if they will send me a self -addressed, 
stamped envelop, I shall be pleased to 
send them some seed. 


I love the rose at morning, 

Arrayed in splendid hue; 
Her worship she's performing, 
She slips her beads of dew: 
She slips he rbeads of dew: 

I start the day a-new, 
And join in her adoring 

And tell my chaplet, too. 
I love the rose at noonday; 

She breasts the shafts of light, 
And stands against their foray 

With courage still to fight, 
With courage still to fight: 

I challenged evils might, 
And my sword I bravely sway 

In battle for the right. 
I love the rose at sunset; 

Her fragrance fills the air; 
She doffs her tinted helmet, 

And rests from toil and care, 
And rests from toil and care: 

My fears and burdens fare, — 
And I cast aside my trumpet, 

And peace is everywhere. 

Frank Hardy Lane. 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 

By John A. Armstrong 

Most rose bushes are not suited to 
use as ornamental plants. In the Spring 
of the year when they are in the flush 
of their new growth, the foliage may 
be handsome but during the rest of 
the year they are not very impressive 
as foliage plants. We grow them for 
their flowers, and they ought to be 
planted in a bed by themselves; not 
right out in the front of the house 
where they are seen only from a dis- 
tance but where you can walk among 
them as often as you wish and enjoy 
the color and fragrance and cut the 
blooms. In one corner of the garden, 
or in the back of your grounds some- 
where, is the best place for a rose bed. 
Something More Than a. Rose 
Of course, there are always excep- 
tions to the rule, and the most pro- 
nounced exception to the above that 
we have in California is the unusual 
baby rose, Mrs. Dudley Fulton. This 
remarkable plant has foliage that is 
just as handsome as any ornamental 
shrub that we can plant in California. 
It is absolutely evergreen, holding its 
leaves throughout the entire winter, 
even in the coldest weather, and the 
foliage is always fresh and glossy as 
if varnished. It would be worthwhile 
planting as a foliage plant, entirely 
aside from the blooms, but you cannot 
stop it from blooming, for it is cov- 
ered throughout almost the entire year 
with so many of its good-sized, single, 
silvery-white flowers that it looks like 
a small snowstorm. The flower petals, 
although white, do not discolor, al- 
ways dropping their petals cleanly be- 
fore they fade. It is a rose which 
ought to be planted among other or- 
namental shrubs rather than in the 
rose garden — and in the foreground, 
too, for it only gets about 3 feet high 
and should not be hidden. 

Filtered Sunlight 

Just as we are making innovations 
in modern government, we are doing 
things with roses now which a few 
years ago we would not even consider. 
One of these innovations is to plant 
roses in the shade, for many growers 
in Southern California have found 
that at least partial shade will give 
finer foliage, bigger and more highly 
colored flowers than full sunshine. 
"Filtered sunlight" through lath or 
lacy foliage is best. 

Another prejudice that has never 
been overcome until recently is the 

The Enclosed Garden 


. . . Small Gardens Especially More Enjoyable 
When Enclosed 

A wall-enclosed garden is more at- 
tractive and enjoyable for its owner, 
and especially so if it is a small gar- 
den. The wall would probably be on 
at least two sides, and possibly three. 
In planning a garden with a wall, less 
lawn would be necessary and the long 
face of the wall provides for many 
vines, a class of plants so varied and 
attractive in this climate. The vines 
would not only decorate the face of 
the wall, but could also be trained over 
the top, making a display of color and 
beauty for the outside. In front of 
the vines a bed for flowers and shrubs 
may be developed varying from four 
to six feet wide, and its width may be 
irregular to accommodate the planting 
if necessary. Annual and perennial 
plants may form the front planting 
of this flower bed and the upkeep 
would be much simplified. 

A wall about a garden makes it at 
once a garden to be lived in and en- 
joyed at all times; and a garden that is 
lived in is the best of gardens and 
more of them are needed in this fa- 
vorable climate. 

With the vines trailed over the top 
and made attractive for the outside on 
the street, and a narrow planting at 
the base of the wall will make a charm- 
ing color scheme, give pleasure to the 
passing public, and make the enclosed 
garden more popular. 

How shall the wall be constructed? 
To most of us the question of expense 
is the first consideration. A hedge 
could only be used where the grounds 
are large — as no ornamental planting 
against the hedge is possible. More- 

over, in the final analysis a wall has 
no expense of upkeep, like the hedge. 
Hollow tile, plastered or not, makes a 
fine wall. Brick also is very practica- 
ble, and the Flemish Bond style of lay- 
ing up the bricks is strong and fewer 
bricks are used. Mrs. Herbert Evan's 
garden on Plumosa Way has such a 
wall, and we all know what excellent 
results have been achieved there. The 
wall should be not less than five feet 
high, and six feet is better. 

An inexpensive plan, employing un- 
skilled labor, is to build a wooden fence 
of cheap rough lumber with posts 
eight feet apart. Cover this with good 
wire netting and then plaster it over. 
House walls are constructed in this 
same way. The outer coat of plaster 
is tinted to harmonize with the build- 
ings. The posts form a raised panel 
and add a pleasing feature to the 
whole. A top rail is an advantage 
for strength as well as appearance, 
making the wall look heavier. The 
wall about the plaza in Old Town or 
North San Diego was made with hol- 
low tile and plastered. The walls of 
the early missions were made of adobe 
and plastered; Presidio Park likewise, 
but that plastering was colored with 
soil so the wall would closely resemble 
an adobe wall. No plantings were 
made near these adobe walls. 

Nicotine sulphate used as a spray 
once in two weeks or after a heavy 
rain is excellent to protect plants from 
dogs and cats. They object to the 
odor and it is not noticeable to hu- 
mans. Nor does it injure the plant or 
disfigure the paint on the house. 

practice of placing commercial fertil- 
izer directly when the roots are feed- 
ing. Rose roots do not spread out very 
far, and if you put fertilizer very far 
from the roots they will never use it. 
I quote from a recent article by a 

planter in a near-by Southern Califor- 
nia town which illustrates his method, 
and I know from having seen his roses 
that he gets marvelous results. "The 

commercial fertilizers are placed di- 
rectly into the root zone of rose bushes 
by means of a steel prod. Holes are 
made eight inches deep and a foot 
apart under the outside drip of the 
leaves. Four handfuls of fertilizer for 

each good sized bush are dropped into 

these holes monthly, from August 

until November, and from February 

until April, inclusive." 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 


The November Garden . . . 


. November An Excellent Month 
to Renovate Lawns 

We now have the new Double Sweet 
Scented Nasturtiums (Scarlet Gleam 
and Glorius Gleam Hybrids) and Rust 
Resistant Snapdragons in stock, and 
this is a dandy time to get them all in 
the ground. The Nasturtiums will 
grow better and have much longer 
stems if planted in a partially shaded 
situation. Be sure and get the Origi- 
nators Strain of these New Nastur- 
tiums. The Rust Resistant Snapdrag- 
ons we are just handling in the mix- 
ture this year, as from our observa- 
tions when visiting the seed farms the 
separate colors are not very well 
straightened out yet and need at least 
another years work before they are 
put on the market as a finished prod- 

If your early planting of Sweet Peas 
are getting some Aphis or plant lice 
on them give them a good thorough 
spraying with New Evergreen, this 
spray material will also help kill those 
small green worms that sometimes at- 
tack young Sweet Peas. If they are 
bothered with mildew give them a 
good dusting with flowers of sulphur 
letting plenty of the sulphur fall on 
the ground under the plants. 

Continue sowing seeds for winter 
blooming of Calendula, Centaurea, 
Cineraria, Cosmos, African Daisy, Di- 
anthus or Pinks, Nemesia, Phlox, Pan- 
sy, Primula, Scabiosa, Stocks, and 
Winter Blooming Sweet Peas. Begin 
sowing Annuals in the open ground 
for Spring blooming, Acroclinum, 
Sweet Alyssum, Snapdragons, Candy- 
tuft, Calliopsis, Lupins, Annual Chrys- 
anthemums or Painted Daisies, Cali- 
fornia Poppy, Larkspur, California 
Wild Flowers and Mignonette. Peren- 
nials for next years flowering: Colum- 
bine, Double Daisy, Canterbury Bells, 
Coreopsis, Cyclamen, Delphinium, 
Foxglove, Forget-me-not, Gaillardia, 
Hollyhocks, Pentstemon, Viola and 

Bulbs of: Anemones, Amaryllis, 
Callas, Freesias, Hyacinths, Tulips, 
Ixias, Narcissus or Daffodils, Oxalis, 
Ranunculus, Sparaxis, Watsonias and 

Mulch and manure your Roses thor- 
oughly and give them plenty of water 
and you will have a lot of nice blooms. 

November is a very good month to 
renovate your lawn. Give it a good 
thorough raking with a Bermuda 
Grass Rake, cutting all the runners 
loose and then running your lawn 
mower over it several times to trim 
off all the loose ends. Then reseed it 
either with White Clover or a mixture 
of Bluegrass and White Clover mixed 
half and half. A good application of 
commercial fertilizer will help a whole 
lot. A top dressing of fine horticul- 
tural peat mull will conserve the mois- 
ture and aid greatly in the germination 
of the seeds. Give your lawn plenty 
of water especially for the first two 
weeks after planting the seeds. Do not 
apply Commercial Fertilizer too heavi- 
ly at any one time, but be sure to fol- 
low directions. Smaller and more fre- 
quent applications will give much bet- 
ter results. 

Vegetables: Sow seeds of Carrots, 
Turnips, Beets, Lettuce, Radish, 
Onions, Spinach, Peas, Parsnips, Brus- 
sel Sprouts, Broccoli, Cabbage, and En- 
dive. If you want to take a chance on 
early frost you may still plant Sum- 
mer and Italian Squash, String Beans 
and Cucumbers. They might turn out 
alright or they might get nipped. 


A simple crimson flower, — 

The gardener slits the stem 

And wraps a foreign bud up tight, 

That Ragged Robin's power 

May lift a diadem 

Of gold or red or pink or white, 

Just as the master wills. 

Then snip, — shears cut the cane 

To earth! Proud Robin bears the 

the cross; 
His proper self he stills, — 
Some sister rose will gain 
A fragrant beauty through his loss. 

Frank Hardy Lane. 

-From the American Poetry Circle, A 
Journal of Verse, New York City, July- 
August Number. 

Visit the Attractive 


S. E. Corner Fifth 8C Robinson 

Luncheon 40c and 50c 

Dinner Every Evening, 
a Special, 50c and 65c. 

A Most Delicious Turkey 
Dinner Every Sunday, 65c 

The Dining Room is available every 


The new cherry red Mesem- 
bryanthemum Alstoni, an ideal 
class room plant; sun-loving, 
drought-resistant, everbloom. 
ing if well watered. 

Dewey Kelly 

401 West Washington 
Hillcrest 2569-J 





Millar Seed Co. 

912 Sixth Avenue 
Phone Main 0219 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 


Chula Vi^ta Prepares for Exposition . . . 


. . . City Improvement Committee 
Roots Thousands of Cuttings 

Chula Vista is preparing for exposi- 
tion year in various ways. Particu- 
larly are they beautifying their streets 
with the planting of Mesembryanthe- 
mums in the curbings. The city plan- 
ning committee has this in charge and 
are enlisting all the other organizations 
to assist them. They are using the 
summer varieties of this ice-plant, 
especially the Croceum, a rather new 
variety, which has a small clear, yel- 
low blossom which literally covers the 
ground. Many other varieties will be 
combined with it, and it is estimated 
it will take 16,000 plants to fill in the 
curbings for the distance they wish to 
plant. The city improvement commit- 
tee already have thousands of Mesem- 
bryanthemums rooted ready to trans- 
plant and will fill in with cuttings. 

Private gardens are planting the 

gaily colored flowers with a view of 
intriguing our guests with a riot of 
color. To have flowers in bloom when 
the Exposition opens, gardens must be 
planted now. 

It is hoped that the fair managers 
will put in a big horticultural and ag- 
ricultural display, interesting the large 
nurserymen to fill up lath-houses and 
plots of ground with their stock and 
encourage San Diego and the neighbor- 
ing towns to hold their Flower Shows 
there. Our stock in trade is climate, 
scenery, and what we can produce out 
of doors, all of the rest of the exhibits 
could be shown in any town in the 

Motoring across the continent one 
notes how< very few flowers are planted 
about the homes, while here every little 
lean-to is surrounded with them. 

The Carlsbad Garden Club 


With the Floral Association as a 
central point, the garden clubs of the 
county are as spokes of the wheel, re- • 
volving for the general good and en- 
couragement of garden beauty and 
roadside planting. Especially at this 
time when in preparation for the Ex- 
position, when strangers from the 
world over will follow El Camino 
Real, to the Silver Gate city of Cali- 

Oceanside and Carlsbad, guarding 
the northern gate, a few words as to 
the activities of the Carlsbad Garden 
Club may be of interest. Starting as 
a small group, connected with the 
Women's Club, under curatorship of 
our own Mrs. Larson, it flourished for 
a time, then languished. It revived and 
continued existence as a separate and 
independent group. And from the ef- 
forts of nine women in staging a Rose 
Show, which well merited the praise 
given in the "California Rosarian" for 
April, 1932, it has grown to the pres- 
ent membership of 45. Counting as 
members, artists, musicians, flower 

Community Improvement 
Program of Club 

lovers, and enjoying the hearty ap- 
proval and support of the local nur- 

Aside from the very fine Tlower 
Show held each spring, the club has 
many activities, and occupies a very 
definite place in all works or good of 
the community. To mention but a 
few, the securing and planting of fifty 
Cocos Plumosa palms on downtown 
streets; presenting a tree to school for 
Washington bi-centenial; presenting 
and placing a bench on bluff at pub- 
lic beach; efforts to secure a lot for 
a town park; taking of extension 
course in Floriculture; acting as host- 
ess at the Freesia fields on Field day; 
sending flowers to shut-ins and in- 
valids, especially on Flower Sunday, 
June 10; public lecture by Hugh 
Evans, in school auditorium; assisting 
in garden party by Women's Club, for 

benefit of cripple children pool in San 

Diego; these, and many others, give 

some idea of the extreme worth of a 

garden club in the community. 

Californians are so used to geran- 
iums blossoming on dump heaps, fuch- 
sias blooming up to second story win- 
dows, Cecil Bruners on a three-story 
roof and jassamines as well, calla lillies 
blooming by the hundreds and rubber 
plants grown to huge trees, that they 
forget what a surprise these things are 
to the easteners. 

If the Exposition Officials would 
provide a show place and turn it over 
to the different towns that are ac- 
customed to giving flower shows, with 
full authority to put on horticultural 
and agricultural exhibits, there would 
be great rivalry as to who would have 
the best display, and it would certainly 
be a great attraction to our visitors. 

GRESS OF AUGUST 24, 1912. 

Of California Garden, published monthly at 

Point Loma, California, October 1, 1934. 
State of California, County of San Diego, ss. 

Before me, a County Clerk in and for the 
State and County aforesaid, personally appeared 
Silas B. Osborne, who, having been duly sworn 
according to law, deposes and says that he is 
the Editor of the California Garden, and that 
the following is, to the best of his knowledge 
and belief, a true statement of the ownership, 
management (and if a daily paper, the circu- 
lation), etc., of the aforesaid publication for 
the date shown in the above caption, required 
by the Act of August 24, 1912, embodied in 
section 443, Postal Laws and Regulations, 
printed on the reverse of this form, to-wit: 

1. That the names and addresses of the pub- 
lisher, editor, managing editor, and business 
managers are: 

Publisher, San Diego Floral Association, Point 
Loma, Calif. 

Editor, Silas B. Osborn, Box 323, San Diego, 

2. That the owners are: (Give names and 
addresses of individual owners, or if a corpora- 
tion, give its name and the names and ad- 
dresses of stockholders owning or holding 1 per 
cent or more of the total amount of stock.) 
San Diego Floral Association, Point Loma, Cal., 
Pres. Mrs. Mary A. Greer, Box 3 23, San Diego, 
Cal.; Sec. Mrs. Mary E. Ward, P. O. Box 323, 
San Diego, Cal. There is no capital stock. 

3. That the known bondholders, mortgagees, 
and other security holders owning or holding 
1 per cent or more of total amount of bonds, 
mortgages, or other securities are: None. 

4. That the two paragraphs next above, giving 
the names of the owners, stockholders, and se- 
curity holders, if any, contain not only the list 
of stockholders and security holders, as they ap- 
pear upon the books of the company but also, 
in cases where the stockholders or security hold- 
ers appears upon the books of the company as 
trustee or in any other fiduciary relation, the 
name of the person or corporation for whom 
such trustee is acting, is given; also that the 
said two paragraphs contain statements embrac- 
ing affiant's full knowledge and belief as to the 
circumstances and conditions under which stock- 
holders and security holders who do not appear 
upon the books of the company as trustees, hold 
stock and securities in a capacity other than that 
of a bona fide owner; and this affiant has not 
reason to believe that any other person, asso- 
ciation, or corporation has any interest direct or 
indirect in the said stock, bonds, or other se- 
curities than as so stated by him. 

5 . That the average number of copies of each. 
issue of this publication sold or distributed, 
through the mails or otherwise, to paid sub- 
scribers during the six months preceding the 
date shown above is. (This information is re- 
quired from daily publications only. ) 

Sworn to and subscribed before this 23 rd day 
of October, 193 4. 

J. B. McLEES, 
Clerk of Superior Court, San Diego County, 

CALIFORNIA GARDEN for October, 1934 



Flower Designs 

1115 Fourth Avenue San Diego 

Hibiscus in Variety 



trained into tree form are most colorful for 
parking decorations. 

Cassia Superba Yellow 

small tree for fall blooming. 



2 590 Grand Ave. Phone Pac. Bch. 607 

Start Now to Beautify 
for the Exposition 

Make San Diego the 
City of Beautiful 
Homes and Gardens 

support the 


at San Diego 






California through San Diego, 
nvites the world 1935 

In the peaceful quiet of a vast and picturesque park, 
close by the Pacific, San Diego presents to the world in 
193 5 the spectacle of the harnessed forces of man's 
restless energies: his search for beauty and romance, 
his love of adventure and progress, his insatiable 
curiosity to pierce the realm of the unknown. 

San Diego Presents the 






From Cabrillo's discovery of 
the harbor that lies behind the 
jutting Point Loma, the years 
will march in parade through 
the colorful exhibits. 


The rare and priceless works 
of the masters, the treasures of 
antiquity, the masterpieces of 


By day, the radiance of Nature blends with the graceful 
spires and delicate frescoes of old Spanish architecture. Lux- 
uriant trees and exotic tropical foliage line long, winding 
promenades. At night, soft illumination will cloak the scene. 
In all, a pageant of scientific achievement, the drama of man's 

And over the whole enchanting scene will hang the spirit of joy; 
gay music, sports, the time-honored institutions of the carnival, 
modernized by the myriad improvements of science; thrills on 
water, land and in the air ... a galaxy to test the imagination.